ESL (122 Cards)
 by frhda_qc@yahoo.com
   
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1 20/20 – perfect vision; the ability to see perfectly * Victor wanted to fly planes for the government, but he couldn’t because he didn’t have 20/20 vision."
2 acupuncture a treatment for pain by placing needles in the skin on certain parts of the body * Kim would never use acupuncture because she’s afraid of needles.
3 adjustment adaptation; change to fit into a new environment or place * It was hard for Sheila’s daughter to make the adjustment to going to daycare most of the day when Sheila went back to work full-time.
4 all it needs "all it takes تمام چیزی که نیازه all it takes is a little charm and a little flattery(چاپلوسی) then the women will find you irresistible"
5 all natural without artificial ingredients; without man-made chemicals * His message at the talk was that If you’re worried about getting cancer, you should eat all natural foods because other foods have too many chemicals in them.
6 all the time always, it happens here in Tehran all the time
7 behind the wheel driving a car; being in control of a car * Truck drivers spend most of their day behind the wheel.
8 belt "– a wide band of rubber (soft plastic) that moves along the counter at a checkout lane to move groceries from the end where the shopper is taking items from their cart to the other end where the cashier is checking prices * Please don’t let your child play with the belt! His fingers might get caught underneath it and I don’t want him to get hurt. – کمربند خیلی محکم ضربه زدن– ==> “The baseball player belted the ball and it flew over the fence.” – sing very loudly(inf) ==> “At the college football game, the fans from our school belted out our school song when one of the players scored a touchdown to win the game.”"
9 bloated uncomfortably full of food, gas, or water * I drank too much soda with lunch and now I feel bloated.
10 blurry – unclear; without detailed lines; not sharp * After the book got wet, the words on the pages were very blurry and difficult to read."
11 cart " – a large basket with wheels and a handle that is pushed through a store by a shopper, who fills it with the items that he or she wants to purchase * Every time I go to the grocery store, I get a cart that has broken wheels! چرخ فروشگاه"
12 cash back "– money in cash (dollars and coins) that one receives at the end of a debit-card transaction by adding that amount to the total amount of the purchase * Going to the bank to get cash is inconvenient, so we usually ask for cash back at the grocery store instead."
13 charm – the power to attract other people and make them feel comfortable * Marjorie has such wonderful charm. Everyone loves spending time with her.خوش صحبت"
14 close quarters – cramped or crowded space; a room with little space for the people in it * In college, I lived with three other guys in a small apartment. Those close quarters made it hard to have any privacy.
15 cloth bag کیسه پارچه ای
16 club card " – a membership card that gives shoppers lower prices on many items * With a club card, my favorite ice cream is only $1.50 this week."
17 comforts of home things found in the home that make life more pleasant; things that make you feel comfortable and happy at home * After two weeks of hiking in the mountains, we were ready to enjoy the comforts of home: a hot bath, good food, and a soft bed.
18 complementary something that is added to something else to make it complete; putting things together that make each part even better * We chose to send our son to that school because its classes are complementary to what we teach him at home.
19 computer savvy knowledgeable about computers * Today, children are often more computer savvy than their parents are.
20 considerate – thoughtful of another person’s feelings; careful not to hurt someone else’s feelings * Manuel is the most considerate person I know. He always thinks before he speaks, and he never says anything that would hurt someone else’s feelings. ملاحظه
21 contacts – contact lenses; thin pieces of plastic that are worn over one’s eyes to help one see better * It’s important to wash your hands before you put in your contacts, so that you don’t get an infection."
22 coupon "– a small piece of paper usually cut from an advertisement or a newspaper that gives a shopper a lower price on a particular item * Brice found a coupon for $0.35 off his favorite brand of shampoo in the magazine.کوپن"
23 cut that out! – a rude (not polite) expression meaning “Stop that!” or “Stop doing what you’re doing!” * Can you please cut that out? I can’t talk on the phone while you’re making so much noise!
24 Do you mind if I join you? " – May I accompany you? Would it bother (annoy) you if I joined you in what you’re doing?"
25 Do you need any help out? " – a phrase used by grocery store cashiers to ask shoppers if they want someone to help them carry their purchases to their car * The cashier asked me if I needed any help out, but I said “no” because I only had one small bag of groceries."
26 driver's manual a handbook of rules and laws that tells drivers what they can and cannot do while driving on public roads * All of the answers to questions on written driver’s test can be found in a driver’s manual.
27 driver’s ed short for driver’s education; this is a class available in many high schools that teaches students to drive and about the rules for driving * Driver’s ed seems to be the only class that teenagers don’t mind taking.
28 earache a pain in the ear * If a bad earache isn’t treated, the infection can cause a loss of hearing.
29 express checkout fast checkout lanes
30 eye chart – a piece of paper that hangs on a wall and is used to test one’s ability to see; it has letters in rows – letters are biggest in the top rows and smallest in the bottom rows * When I was a child, I could easily read all the letters on the eye chart, but now I can only read the top two rows without my glasses."
31 far-sighted – able to see things that are far away, but not able to see things that are near * Olga wears glasses only when she’s reading or when she’s working at the computer because she’s far-sighted."
32 frame – the piece of metal or plastic that is worn over one’s ears and in front of one’s face that holds lenses (pieces of clear plastic or glass) in front of one’s eyes to help one see better; the metal or plastic part of a pair of glasses * Have you seen Jacob’s new glasses? The frames make his look older and smarter." قاب ==> I framed my old pictures( as a verb)
33 gimmick an unusual or clever trick to encourage people to buy something * His sales gimmicks were so annoying that most people left the store without buying anything. حیله
34 glasses eyeglasses
35 grateful – thankful; the feeling of appreciating something * Maxine was very grateful when her husband said that he would take care of cooking and washing the dishes while she rested last night."
36 heartburn – a burning pain in the chest, usually caused by something you ate * Whenever Dad eats pizza, he gets a bad case of heartburn. سوزش معده
37 herbal supplements medicines or vitamins that are made from plants * My aunt drinks teas as herbal supplements during the winter so that she doesn’t get sick. مکمل های گیاهی
38 holiday promotion activities to increase sales during the holiday season, usually in November and December * The store’s holiday promotions are incredible! They sell everything at 30% off of its regular price.
39 idyllic perfect; without problems; peaceful and beautiful * We had an idyllic vacation in the Caribbean. The beaches were beautiful and quiet, and we were able to forget about all of our problems.
40 in error – mistakenly; incorrectly; wrongly * The man was in error when he said that his neighbor’s daughter threw the ball that broke his window. It was someone else. در اشتباه بودن
41 in-laws the parents of one’s husband or wife * Ever since my parents died, my in-laws have treated me like their own son.
42 incidentals extra costs not included in the basic cost of the hotel room * If she had known how expensive the incidentals were, she wouldn’t have ordered room service.
43 inroad progress; advancement * Japanese car companies rapidly made inroads into the U.S. automobile industry.
44 intersection where two roads from different directions meet and form a cross * Drivers have to worry about other cars and pedestrians at all intersections.
45 inventory a complete list of what is in a place, such as the products a store has available for sale * We are closing our store for two days to do an inventory of what we have in the store.
46 irresistible – impossible to deny; impossible to say no to * Carina is on a diet, but she never loses weight because chocolate cake is irresistible for her.مقاومت ناپذیر"
47 it's as easy as that به همن سادگیه
48 I’d like to get to know you better – I want to learn more about you; I want to know you better; I’d like to become your friend (or maybe a boyfriend or girlfriend) * Pierre said he’d like to get to know me better, so we’re having dinner together this Friday."
49 lane "– a narrow (small and long) area in a grocery store where shoppers stand in a line to wait for a cashier to help them make their purchases * I wanted to use the express lane at the grocery store, but in that lane, people can pay only with cash and I needed to use a credit card. – the space between LINES through the roads thet the cars should be moved there."
50 laser eye surgery – a surgery (operation; medical procedure) where a laser beam makes a small cut in or changes the shape of one’s eyes to help one see better * Youngwoo couldn’t see anything before his laser eye surgery, but now his sight is perfect!"
51 lasting permanent; continuing for a long time * Living in another country has a lasting impact. It often makes people more respectful of cultural differences and more interested in world news. بادوام
52 lonely sad to not be with other people; sad to be by oneself * He feels very lonely when his wife has to travel for work.
53 long face an expression of sadness on someone’s face; the look on a person’s face when they are unhappy * He had such a long face when he got home from work that we immediately knew something was wrong.
54 more likely than ever more likely now than anytime before; more probable than before * Harold’s boss yelled at him yesterday in front of all of the other employees, and now it’s more likely than ever that he’ll quit his job. محتمل تر از همیشه
55 nauseous sick to one’s stomach; a feeling that one wants to vomit or throw up * Standing on the roof of a tall building and looking down makes me feel nauseous.
56 near-sighted – able to see things that are near, but not able to see things that are far away * He’s near-sighted, so he couldn’t see the movie without his glasses."
57 no skin off my nose – something that does not matter to someone because it does not affect him or her; it doesn’t matter to me * Jacqueline can sit in the front seat if she wants to. It’s no skin off my nose.
58 nostalgic nostalgic – sad when remembering a past time or a place far away that is part of a happy memory * I felt nostalgic when I thought about how my brother and I used to play together when we were children.
59 on (one’s) own without other people; by oneself * Do you live on your own or do you have a roommate?
60 on duty working; at work * The security guards aren’t allowed to make personal phone calls while they’re on duty.
61 optometrist – a doctor for the eyes; a doctor who studies eye problems and helps people see better * The optometrist said that I should wear glasses whenever I drive at night."
62 parallel parking parking a car next to the sidewalk in between two cars, with one in front and one in back * Parallel parking is not easy, and even good drivers try to avoid it if they can.
63 pedestrian any person walking on a sidewalk, street, or road * Since pedestrians are harder to see at night, it’s a good idea to wear bright colored clothes if you plan to walk home.
64 player "informal: مردی که خیلی با زنها قرار میذاره – a man who dates a lot of women, often at the same time"
65 prescription – a piece of paper that a doctor uses to write the type of medicine or glasses that a patient needs * After I left the doctor’s office, I took my prescription to the drugstore so that I could get my medication. نسخه"
66 put them down "بذارشون پایین Just put those down on the belt and push the cart through, please."
67 road test a test taken when applying for a driver’s license where drivers drive with the examiner in the car to make sure that the person can drive properly and follow the rules * She had no problems getting her driver’s license after getting a perfect score on the road test.
68 sales cycle the same time of year when there are very high or low sales * Most types of products have predictable sales cycles. For example, sales of school supplies and children’s clothing are highest right before the school year begins.
69 several departments in the big stores "/meat department /seafood department /frozen foods: department” is usually a store “aisle” (row) of refrigerators to keep foods cold. It offers frozen meats, frozen microwaveable meals, frozen fruits and vegetables, frozen juices, ice cream, and more. /produce department: میوه فروشی /“ethnic foods department” where shoppers can find unusual food items that are associated with a particular culture, such as Mexican,"
70 sharp – clear; definite; having detailed lines; not blurry * They don’t like the painting, because the lines are very sharp and unnatural."
71 skeptical doubtful; not believing; questioning * Why are you so skeptical about being able to pass the test? You’ve studied for weeks and I think you’re going to do very well.
72 smooth کسی که خوب مخ میزنه
73 sore throat a burning pain in one’s throat * My mother taught me that whenever I have a sore throat, I should drink a lot of orange juice and hot tea with lemon.
74 spa services – health or beauty treatments * Aunt Juanita owns a beauty salon that offers spa services, such as manicures and massages. خدمات زیبایی
75 stay the amount of time spent somewhere; a visit * I enjoyed my weekend stay with my good friends in San Diego.
76 stiff difficult to move * My body is so stiff today because I went running yesterday for the first time in six months. بدن کوفته
77 stomachache a pain in the stomach * Jenny has a stomachache because she ate too much junk food this afternoon.
78 stuffy nose the feeling that something is in one’s nose which makes it difficult to breathe * Grandpa always has a stuffy nose when he visits their house. Maybe he’s allergic to their cats.
79 symptom a problem with one’s body that shows that someone isn’t healthy * The symptoms of the flu include fever, body aches, and tiredness. علایم بیماری
80 tabloid " – a newspaper with scandalous (shocking) stories about unusual events or famous people, usually which cannot or should not be believed * Reading the tabloids is a waste of time. Why don’t you read about world news instead? مجله زرد"
81 to admit (someone) to send someone to a clinic or hospital for special care, usually overnight * When the doctor couldn’t identify the cause of Carly’s symptoms, he admitted her to the hospital for more tests.
82 to ask her out پیشنهاد دوستی دادن
83 to be positive to have no doubt; to be certain; to be confident that one is correct * Are you positive that this is the way to the museum? If not, I think we should stop and ask for directions.
84 to be prescribed to have something, usually medicine, recommended in writing by a doctor to treat pain or an illness * The doctor told her that she should never take medicine that was prescribed for someone else.
85 to be switched to be exchanged with something else; to be mistaken for something else * Would you please switch seats with me? I am too short to see the stage from here.
86 to be up for (something) to be willing to participate; to be willing to do something * Do you think you’ll be up for a movie tonight after work?
87 to capitalize on to take advantage of, to profit from * The team capitalized on its early lead and won the game by more than 20 points.
88 to come and go to appear and disappear; to arrive and leave * Ella is tired because she was coming and going all day yesterday, between her house, her work, the school, and store.
89 to come up with (something) to think of something, usually a new idea or a solution to a problem * How did you come up with that idea? I’ve never heard anything like it before.
90 to confess to admit, I should admit I'm a player(someone who is looking for a girl to have date all the time)
91 to cope to manage or to deal with a difficult situation * She isn’t coping very well with her mother’s death. I wish I knew how to help her.
92 to determine "تعیین کردن she shoud determine where and when we can meet"
93 to forgive and forget – to stop fighting, apologize, and behave as if a fight had never happened; to reconcile and be friends again * The brothers had a huge fight five years ago and stopped talking to each other, but last week, they finally decided to forgive and forget.
94 to get on (someone’s) nerves – to annoy someone; to irritate someone * I love my sister, but we really get on each other’s nerves sometimes.
95 to go for "– to choose; to select * If I had to choose between a vacation in Asia or Europe, I’d probably go for Asia, because I’ve always wanted to visit India."
96 to go for - to go for In this podcast, the phrasal verb “to go for” means to select something or to choose something: “I’m so thirsty! I could really go for a large glass of water.” “To go for it” means to try to be successful at something, usually something that may be difficult: “People have always told me that I’m too short to be a professional dancer, but my teacher convinced me to go for it.” Another similar phrasal verb “to go into (something)” means to join an organization, especially if it’s related to one’s career: “He went into the army when he was 18 years old, and now he’s a captain.” The phrasal verb “to go on about (something)” means to talk about something for a long time, usually while complaining or boring the listener: “Denzel was so boring at the party! He just went on and on about his job and he didn’t let anyone else talk.”"
97 to go for a drink " – to go to a bar or restaurant to drink an alcoholic beverage, such as beer or wine"
98 to have a plane to catch to need to go to the airport for a flight; to have an airplane ticket for a flight that is leaving soon * She has a plane to catch in three hours and she still hasn’t packed. She needs to hurry!
99 to impress "تحت تاثیر قرار دادن I tried to impress her by my flattery words"
100 to keep (something) up – to continue to do something * You played really well in the basketball game yesterday! If you keep it up, you’ll be the next team captain.
101 to long for (something) to strongly want something; to have a strong wish for something * They have been studying very hard for final exams, and now that the exams are over, they’re longing for summer vacation.
102 to lose feeling not to be able to feel anything; to have no feeling in a part of one’s body * Karen slept on her right arm, and when she woke up, she realized that she had lost feeling in her hand.
103 to miss to be incorrect; to make an error; to be wrong, usually on a test * How many questions did you miss on the final exam?
104 to not be able to stand (something) – to not be able to tolerate something; to be frustrated and tired of something * I can’t stand the way my girlfriend is always trying to tell me what to do with my free time.
105 to screw up to make a mistake * Every time I try to help my wife in the kitchen, I screw it up and ruin our meal.
106 to see through rose-colored glasses to see something as being better than it really is; to see only the good and not the bad * Ever since they got married, they’re always so happy and optimistic! They’re seeing the world through rose-colored glasses.
107 to shoot the breeze – to have a relaxed conversation about things that aren’t important * Aleksay doesn’t really like fishing, but he does like spending time on the boat, just shooting the breeze with his friends.
108 to signal to let someone or something know what you’re going to do; to get someone’s attention * When our plane crash-landed on an island, we tried to build a fire to signal for help.
109 to slash prices to greatly reduce prices, usually during a sale * When one company slashes prices, many competing companies feel pressured to do the same because they fear losing their customers. شکستن قیمتها
110 to slurp – to make a loud noise while drinking a beverage * I really hope that the kids will remember not to slurp their soup at dinner tonight.
111 to swear by to believe in; to rely on; to trust in * Manuel swears by carrots as the key to a long life because his grandfather eats them every day and he is 103 years old.
112 to swipe " – to quickly move one’s card through an electronic machine that gets information from the card about the cards’ owners and their accounts * I swiped my credit card four times, but the machine couldn’t read it, so the cashier had to type in the account number by hand. to steal(inf) ==> دزدیدن, پیچوندن, کش رفتن "
113 to try my luck "The company wanted to hire someone with 10 years of experience and I only had three, but I decided to try my luck and apply for the job anyway."
114 to yield to make way for someone or something; to allow someone else to go before you * When people are rushing home after work, many of them forget to yield to the people trying to cross the street.
115 truce – an agreement to stop fighting * Jill has been fighting with her roommate all week. Her roommate wants to call a truce, but Jill isn’t interested. She’s still too angry. آتش بس
116 vision – sight; one’s ability to see * Elvira’s vision has always been bad. Even when she was a child she had to wear thick, heavy glasses. -- چشم انداز"
117 vision test a test taken when applying for a driver’s license to check how well a person can see * There is little chance that she’ll pass the vision test if she doesn’t wear her glasses.
118 walk-in to go into a business or an office without an appointment where you usually need an appointment to be served * I missed my appointment and tried to see my hair stylist as a walk-in.
119 what does (one) have to lose? it can’t hurt and it might help * He should apply for the job. What does he have to lose? If they say no, he’ll still have his old job, but if they say yes, he’ll have more interesting work.
120 with flying colors easily; without difficulty * Having studied all week, she passed the test with flying colors.
121 written test امتحان کتبی
122 you’ve got to be kidding me – you must be joking; I can’t believe what I’m hearing; you can’t be serious * You were never allowed to watch TV when you were growing up? You’ve got to be kidding me!